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Was Your Injury Or Illness Caused By A Foreign Or Natural Substance?

If you want to sue a food manufacturer or seller for your injury or illness caused by a defective food product, there are quite a few things you will have to prove in order to hold the manufacturer or seller liable.

“First and foremost,” says our Los Angeles product liability attorney at JML Law, “You must be able to prove that the food substance, which caused your injury, is foreign.”

Foreign vs. natural substance that caused your injury or illness

If your injury was caused by a substance that is natural to the preparation of the food served or sold, you cannot reasonably expect to sue the manufacturer or seller of that food product, because it cannot be considered defective.

However, you may still be able to file a product liability lawsuit against the manufacturer or seller if that party failed to exercise a high standard of care when preparing or serving the food. In this particular situation, the liable party can be sued under the negligence theory.

It goes without saying that if you sustain injuries due to a foreign substance in the food sold or served, you may be able to sue the negligent party by pursuing a cause of action in implied warranty and strict liability. In this case, your experienced product liability attorney in Los Angeles or elsewhere in California will have to determine whether the injury-causing substance in question could be reasonably expected in the food by the average consumer and if the food can be considered unfit, dangerous, or defective.

This rule applies to restaurants, cafes, bars, supermarkets, grocery stores, and other establishments preparing, selling, and serving food to their guests and customers.

What substances are considered ‘foreign’?

Let’s imagine that, God forbid, you chocked on a chicken bone found in your soup. Can the chicken bone be considered a foreign substance?

Typically, bones and other substances natural to the product served or sold cannot be rendered “foreign,” unless the presence of the natural substance was caused by the manufacturer or seller’s failure to exercise a high standard of care when preparing or serving the food.

However, such substances as mold, traces of botulism, or other substances formed when the food is not properly prepared or stored can be considered “foreign” even when they are formed “naturally.” Needless to say, such substances as a cockroach found in chicken soup are not natural to the preparation of the food unless the manufacturer or seller uses cockroaches in the preparation of the soup and the average consumer is aware of that.

How to file a product liability claim for a defective food product?

Oftentimes, whether or not the injury-causing substance is natural or foreign depends on your particular situation and is up to the court to decide.

If you decide to file a product liability claim against the party that prepared, sold, or served the food to you, your claim needs to contain the following factual elements:

  • You were injured and suffered harm because the food product prepared, sold, or served by the defendant was defective or not fit for human consumption
  • You actually ate or drank the food product prepared, sold, or served by the defendant
  • The food product was harmful when sold or served, and it did not become harmful at some point between the moment it was sold to the plaintiff and the moment when the product was consumed by the plaintiff
  • The harmful condition of the food would not reasonably be expected by the average consumer
  • The food product, and, to be more precise, the harmful condition, was a substantial factor in causing the plaintiff’s harm or damages

Have you been harmed by eating or drinking a food product in Los Angeles or elsewhere in California? Schedule a free consultation with our Los Angeles product liability attorney from JML Law. Call our offices at 818-610-8800.


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Our Los Angeles car accident law firm accepts cases on referral from other lawyers throughout California. To schedule a free initial consultation, call our office at 818-610-8800 or send us an email.

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Woodland Hills, CA 91367

Phone: 818-610-8800
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Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, CA 91367

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Oakland, CA 94612
Phone: 415-692-3462